Results

Capacity/energy increase and cycle life improvement proven with many types of silicon

Pre-lithiation increases capacity and energy by compensating for irreversible capacity loss

Pre-lithiaton increases cycle life by
offering a lithium reservoir

Pre-lithiation increases capacity and extends cycle life

Example full cells with moderate amount of silicon

Pre-lithiation dramatically increases coulombic efficiency

Excellent dosage uniformity delivers repeatable cells

To see more detailed sample results and to see a mathematical model of the capacity and cycle life benefits of prelithiationin full cells, see http://jes.ecsdl.org/content/165/5/A1129.full.pdf+html